August 12, 2022
Convergence Book

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Convergence

By National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on Key Challenge Areas for Convergence and Health
  • ISBN Code: : 0309301645
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Pages : 152
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 570
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : convergence.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Convergence of the life sciences with fields including physical, chemical, mathematical, computational, engineering, and social sciences is a key strategy to tackle complex challenges and achieve new and innovative solutions. However, institutions face a lack of guidance on how to establish effective programs, what challenges they are likely to encounter, and what strategies other organizations have used to address the issues that arise. This advice is needed to harness the excitement generated by the concept of convergence and channel it into the policies, structures, and networks that will enable it to realize its goals. Convergence investigates examples of organizations that have established mechanisms to support convergent research. This report discusses details of current programs, how organizations have chosen to measure success, and what has worked and not worked in varied settings. The report summarizes the lessons learned and provides organizations with strategies to tackle practical needs and implementation challenges in areas such as infrastructure, student education and training, faculty advancement, and inter-institutional partnerships.

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Read Also This Books

Convergence: An Architectural Agenda for Energy

By Kiel Moe
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1135052735
  • Total of Pages : 304
  • Category : Architecture
  • Members : 682
  • Pdf File: convergence.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Convergence is based on the thermodynamic premise that architecture should maximize its ecological and architectural power. No matter how paradoxical it might initially seem, architects should maximize energy intake, maximize energy use, and maximize energy feedback and reinforcement. This presumes that the necessary excess of architecture is in fact an architect’s greatest asset when it comes to an agenda for energy, not a liability. But how do we start to understand the full range of eco-thermodynamic principles which need to be engaged with in order to achieve this? Kiel Moe explicates three factors: materials, energy systems and amortization. When these three factors converge through design, the resulting buildings begin to perform in complex, if not subtle, ways. By drawing on a range of architectural, thermodynamic, and ecological sources as well as illustrated and well-designed case studies, the author shows what architecture stands to gain by simultaneously maximizing the architectural and ecological power of buildings. .

Economic Convergence and Divergence in Europe

By Gertrude Tumpel-Gugerell,Peter Mooslechner
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Book Code : 9781781951286
  • Total of Pages : 471
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 967
  • Pdf File: economic-convergence-and-divergence-in-europe.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Recoge : 1. Introductory session. - 2. Past convergence within the European Union. - 3. Accesion countries : achievements in real convergence. - 4. Accesion countries : how to balance real and nominal convergence challenges for monetary and exchange rate policy. - 5. Does the financial sector contribute to real growth? - 6. Is there somebody left out in the cold? prospects of CEE countries other than current accesion countries. - 7. Policy challenges within the (enlarged) EU : how to foster economic convergence?

Proceedings of the International Conference on IT Convergence and Security 2011

By Kuinam J. Kim,Seong Jin Ahn
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 9400729111
  • Total of Pages : 642
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 661
  • Pdf File: proceedings-of-the-international-conference-on-it-convergence-and-security-2011.pdf

Book Short Summary:

As we entered the 21st century, the rapid growth of information technology has changed our lives more conveniently than we have ever speculated. Recently in all fields of the industry, heterogeneous technologies have converged with information technology resulting in a new paradigm, information technology convergence. In the process of information technology convergence, the latest issues in the structure of data, system, network, and infrastructure have become the most challenging task. Proceedings of the International Conference on IT Convergence and Security 2011 approaches the subject matter with problems in technical convergence and convergences of security technology by looking at new issues that arise from techniques converging. The general scope is convergence security and the latest information technology with the following most important features and benefits: 1. Introduction of the most recent information technology and its related ideas 2. Applications and problems related to technology convergence, and its case studies 3. Introduction of converging existing security techniques through convergence security Overall, after reading Proceedings of the International Conference on IT Convergence and Security 2011, readers will understand the most state of the art information strategies and technologies of convergence security.

Towards Convergence in Europe

By Daniel Vaughan-Whitehead
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Book Code : 1788978072
  • Total of Pages : 512
  • Category : Convergence
  • Members : 694
  • Pdf File: towards-convergence-in-europe.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book aims to answer a number of important questions. To what extent have European countries converged or diverged with EU-wide economic and social indicators over the past 20 years? What have been the drivers of convergence? Why do some countries lag behind, while others experience continuous upward convergence? Why are these trajectories not always linear? Particular attention is paid to the role of institutions, actors and industrial relations – focusing on the resources and strategies of governments, employers and trade unions – in nudging EU countries onto an upward convergence path.

Analysis I

By Roger Godement
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 364218491X
  • Total of Pages : 430
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 212
  • Pdf File: analysis-i.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Functions in R and C, including the theory of Fourier series, Fourier integrals and part of that of holomorphic functions, form the focal topic of these two volumes. Based on a course given by the author to large audiences at Paris VII University for many years, the exposition proceeds somewhat nonlinearly, blending rigorous mathematics skilfully with didactical and historical considerations. It sets out to illustrate the variety of possible approaches to the main results, in order to initiate the reader to methods, the underlying reasoning, and fundamental ideas. It is suitable for both teaching and self-study. In his familiar, personal style, the author emphasizes ideas over calculations and, avoiding the condensed style frequently found in textbooks, explains these ideas without parsimony of words. The French edition in four volumes, published from 1998, has met with resounding success: the first two volumes are now available in English.

Centers of Power

By Stanley R. Schneider
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Jason Aronson, Incorporated
  • Book Code : 0765708493
  • Total of Pages : 276
  • Category : Psychology
  • Members : 369
  • Pdf File: centers-of-power.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Kabbalah and psychoanalysis are conceptions about the nature of reality. The former is over two thousand years old. The latter has been formalized less than a hundred years ago. Nonetheless they are parallel journeys of discovery that have forever altered not only what we see, but the very nature of seeing itself. The purpose of this study is to explore how Kabbalah and psychoanalysis converge and diverge, complement and conflict with each other, in order to amplify their impact and enable mankind to gain a greater understanding of reality.

Regulation, Governance and Convergence in the Media

By Peter Humphreys,Seamus Simpson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Book Code : 178100899X
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 438
  • Pdf File: regulation-governance-and-convergence-in-the-media.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Media convergence is often propounded as inevitable and ongoing. Yet much of the governance of the media sector’s key parts has developed along discrete evolutionary paths, mostly incremental in character. This volume breaks new ground through exploring a diverse range of topics at the heart of the media convergence governance debate, such as next generation networks, spectrum, copyright and media subsidies. It shows how reluctance to accommodate non-market based policy solutions creates conflicts and problems resulting in only shallow media convergence thus far.

Enhancing the Internet with the CONVERGENCE System

By Fernando Almeida,Maria Teresa Andrade,Nicola Blefari Melazzi,Richard Walker,Heinrich Hussmann,Iakovos S. Venieris
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1447153731
  • Total of Pages : 275
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 108
  • Pdf File: enhancing-the-internet-with-the-convergence-system.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Convergence proposes the enhancement of the Internet with a novel, content-centric, publish–subscribe service model based on the versatile digital item (VDI): a common container for all kinds of digital content, including digital representations of real-world resources. VDIs will serve the needs of the future Internet, providing a homogeneous method for handling structured information, incorporating security and privacy mechanisms. CONVERGENCE subsumes the following areas of research: · definition of the VDI as a new fundamental unit of distribution and transaction; · content-centric networking functionality to complement or replace IP-address-based routing; · security and privacy protection mechanisms; · open-source middleware, including a community dictionary service to enable rich semantic searches; · applications, tested under real-life conditions. This book shows how CONVERGENCE allows publishing, searching and subscribing to any content. Creators can publish their content by wrapping it and its descriptions into a VDI, setting rights for other users to access this content, monitor its use, and communicate with people using it; they may even update or revoke content previously published. Access to content is more efficient, as search engines exploit VDI metadata for indexing, and the network uses the content name to ensure users always access the copy closest to them. Every node in the network is a content cache; handover is easy; multicast is natural; peer-to-peer is built-in; time/space-decoupling is possible. Application developers can exploit CONVERGENCE’s middleware and network without having to resort to proprietary/ad hoc solutions for common/supporting functionality. Operators can use the network more efficiently, better controlling information transfer and related revenues flows. Network design, operation and management are simplified by integrating diverse functions and avoiding patches and stopgap solutions. Whether as a text for graduate students working on the future of the Internet, or a resource for practitioners providing e-commerce or multimedia services, or scientists defining new technologies, CONVERGENCE will make a valuable contribution to the future shape of the Internet.

Fixed Mobile Convergence Handbook

By Syed A. Ahson,Mohammad Ilyas
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 9781420091748
  • Total of Pages : 492
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 409
  • Pdf File: fixed-mobile-convergence-handbook.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Requirements for next generation networks (NGNs) are fueling an architectural evolution. Service providers are obliged to give users access to content anytime, anyhow, anywhere, on any device. This requires a converged infrastructure in which users across multiple domains can be served through a single unified domain and all network services and business units can be consolidated on a single IP infrastructure. The Fixed Mobile Convergence Handbook is a comprehensive guide to the design, implementation, and management of converged cellular/WiFi wireless networks. This book discusses how FMC is transforming technologies as multimedia ceases to be passively consumed and unidirectional—and becomes increasingly mobile, personalized and interactive. This book also describes ways to ensure that networks remain cost-effective, scalable, reliable, and secure in the face of constant technological evolution. This material encapsulates the state of FMC, covering everything from basic concepts to research-grade material and future directions. Addressing a broad range of topics, the handbook consists of 16 chapters authored by 44 experts from around the world. Subjects include: Femtocell network technology and applications Deployment modes and interference avoidance Architecture for power efficiency Conversational quality and network planning Design of SIP-based mobility management protocols Highly respected in their field, the authors anticipate the key issues and problems that FMC presents—from application inception and deployment to system interconnection and Quality of Service (QoS). Ideal for professional mobile technology designers and/or planners, researchers (faculty members and graduate students), this book provides specific salient features and information that will guide innovation in the 21st century and beyond. Syed Ahson is a senior software design engineer with Microsoft. Previously, he was a senior staff software engineer with Motorola, where he was a leading contributor in the creation of several iDEN, CDMA, and GSM cellular phones. Dr. Mohammad Ilyas is associate dean for research and industry relations at the College of Engineering and Computer Science at Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton. A consultant to several national and international organizations, Dr. Ilyas is a member of both the IEEE and ASEE.

Convergence Structures and Applications to Functional Analysis

By R. Beattie,Heinz-Peter Butzmann
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 9401599424
  • Total of Pages : 264
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 514
  • Pdf File: convergence-structures-and-applications-to-functional-analysis.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This text offers a rigorous introduction into the theory and methods of convergence spaces and gives concrete applications to the problems of functional analysis. While there are a few books dealing with convergence spaces and a great many on functional analysis, there are none with this particular focus. The book demonstrates the applicability of convergence structures to functional analysis. Highlighted here is the role of continuous convergence, a convergence structure particularly appropriate to function spaces. It is shown to provide an excellent dual structure for both topological groups and topological vector spaces. Readers will find the text rich in examples. Of interest, as well, are the many filter and ultrafilter proofs which often provide a fresh perspective on a well-known result. Audience: This text will be of interest to researchers in functional analysis, analysis and topology as well as anyone already working with convergence spaces. It is appropriate for senior undergraduate or graduate level students with some background in analysis and topology.

Convergence Mental Health

By Harris A. Eyre,Michael Berk,Helen Lavretsky,III Charles Reynolds
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0197506283
  • Total of Pages : 448
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 415
  • Pdf File: convergence-mental-health.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Modern mental health issues are characterized by their complex, multi-systemic nature and broad societal impact, making them poorly suited to siloed approaches of thinking and innovation. Convergence science integrates knowledge, tools, and thought strategies from various fields and is the focal point where novel insights arise. Convergence Mental Health presents a blueprint for leveraging convergence science within the context of mental health in order to improve patient outcomes and health care systems.

Convergence on the 42nd Parallel

By Nic D'Alessandro
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Nic D'Alessandro
  • Book Code : 0645111414
  • Total of Pages : 420
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 162
  • Pdf File: convergence-on-the-42nd-parallel.pdf

Book Short Summary:

TWO PEOPLE. TWO GLOBAL SUPERPOWERS. ONE DATE WITH DESTINY. Set two strong characters on a collision course in a rapidly converging story, mix-in a U.S. Navy aircraft carrier on a week-long visit to an allied port, add local politicians, activists, and the media - and the ingredients are there for an epic edge-of-your-seat suspense-thriller with a climax and ending you won't see coming. 'The pilot raised her helmet visor, and his seething eyes locked in on hers. She shook her head from side to side and made a slashing motion across her throat...' Is Lieutenant Commander Katherine Marlowe about to make a catastrophic mistake? Is Ben Cai’s unthinkable mission destined to succeed? Their next sixty seconds will tell. Katherine Marlowe and Ben Cai were born on opposite sides of the world and have lived different yet parallel lives. Their destinies converge as simmering geopolitical tensions draw them together in a friendly harbour a long way from anywhere. Their actions will ultimately shake this place and reverberate across the world. CONVERGENCE ON THE 42ND PARALLEL is a thriller on an international scale—a tale of those who serve on the seas, in the skies, and in secret. It reveals the power-wielding few, the technologies of modern warfare at their fingertips, and those who spin their truth. It is also a story of humanity—of place and belonging, of family and relationships, and of personal sacrifice.

Convergence

By Jody Aberdeen
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Lulu Press, Inc
  • Book Code : 1300158379
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 411
  • Pdf File: convergence.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Maxim Sinclair’s got a dream girl. On paper, anyway. Every quality he imagines in his perfect soul mate resides on the pages of this list. She even has a name: Lucy Fitzgerald. One night, Max is awoken by a phone call. On the other end of the line is Lucy Fitzgerald. She’s real. She has a list with Max’s name on it. And she wants him to travel to California to meet her. Yet Lucy has a secret goal: to defy the machinations of the Convergence, a universal phenomenon that has trapped her in an alternate reality. She wants to meet Max, but not for the same reasons...

An Introduction to Γ-Convergence

By Gianni Dal Maso
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1461203279
  • Total of Pages : 341
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 579
  • Pdf File: an-introduction-to-Γ-convergence.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Read and download full book An Introduction to Γ-Convergence

Security Technology Convergence Insights

By Ray Bernard
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 0128030011
  • Total of Pages : 160
  • Category : Computers
  • Members : 314
  • Pdf File: security-technology-convergence-insights.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Security technology convergence, which refers to the incorporation of computing, networking, and communications technologies into electronic physical security systems, was first introduced in the 1970s with the advent of computer-based access control and alarm systems. As the pace of information technology (IT) advances continued to accelerate, the physical security industry continued to lag behind IT advances by at least two to three years. Security Technology Convergence Insights explores this sometimes problematic convergence of physical security technology and information technology and its impact on security departments, IT departments, vendors, and management. Includes material culled directly from author's column in Security Technology Executive Easy-to-read question and answer format Includes real-world examples to enhance key lessons learned

Convergence Through All-IP Networks

By Asoke K. Talukder,Nuno M. Garcia,Jayateertha G. M.
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 9814364649
  • Total of Pages : 598
  • Category : Computers
  • Members : 506
  • Pdf File: convergence-through-all-ip-networks.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The convergence of two powerful technologies—wireless and the Internet—through IPv4/v6 protocol has led to emergence of next-generation networks (NGNs). NGN is no more a network of mere computers but a connected conglomeration of varied networks with diverse physical properties, with a plethora of network elements, along with a variety of real-time multimedia applications. This book covers the entire gamut of technology challenges from physical layer to application layer including security from both academic and industrial perspectives.

Managing Convergence in Innovation

By Kong-rae Lee
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Book Code : 1315514885
  • Total of Pages : 150
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 167
  • Pdf File: managing-convergence-in-innovation.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Technology in several forms, especially Information Technology (IT), has a strong tendency to converge at varying degrees. This phenomenon of converging innovation is likely to deepen and widen in the future due to intense competition in global markets. Asian manufacturing firms in particular lead the global industrial innovation. Convergent innovation exists as a constant disequilibrium between reference technology and matching technology; innovations of these technologies occur at different degrees to attain an optimal balance. Innovations as a result of convergence are often beneficial, improving welfare and employment. This book sheds light on the little-discussed idea of convergent innovation with examples hailing from Asia. The book also proposes new theories and investigates convergence at the micro level – guaranteed food for thought for academics interested in innovation economics and management.

Inequality Convergence

By Martin Ravallion
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 23
  • Category : Convergence
  • Members : 954
  • Pdf File: inequality-convergence.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Is income inequality tending to fall in countries with high inequality and to rise in those where inequality is low? Is there a process of convergence toward medium-level inequality?

Higher Education Policy Convergence and the Bologna Process

By E. Voegtle,Eva Maria Vögtle
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1137412798
  • Total of Pages : 229
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 448
  • Pdf File: higher-education-policy-convergence-and-the-bologna-process.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What are the principal drivers of recent higher education reforms? This study investigates whether the soft governance mechanism of transnational communication has evoked cross-national policy harmonization. Results suggest that the Bologna Process has triggered substantial policy harmonization beyond general policy convergence.

Great Divergence and Great Convergence

By Leonid Grinin,Andrey Korotayev
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 331917780X
  • Total of Pages : 251
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 952
  • Pdf File: great-divergence-and-great-convergence.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This new monograph provides a stimulating new take on hotly contested topics in world modernization and the globalizing economy. It begins by situating what is called the Great Divergence--the social/technological revolution that led European nations to outpace the early dominance of Asia--in historical context over centuries. This is contrasted with an equally powerful Great Convergence, the recent economic and technological expansion taking place in Third World nations and characterized by narrowing inequity among nations. They are seen here as two phases of an inevitable global process, centuries in the making, with the potential for both positive and negative results. This sophisticated presentation examines: Why the developing world is growing more rapidly than the developed world. How this development began occurring under the Western world's radar. How former colonies of major powers grew to drive the world's economy. Why so many Western economists have been slow to recognize the Great Convergence. The increasing risk of geopolitical instability. Why the world is likely to find itself without an absolute leader after the end of the American hegemony A work of rare scope, Great Divergence and Great Convergence gives sociologists, global economists, demographers, and global historians a deeper understanding of the broader movement of social and economic history, combined with a long view of history as it is currently being made; it also offers some thrilling forecasts for global development in the forthcoming decades.

Convergence and Divergence in European Public Law

By Paul Beaumont,Carole Lyons,Neil Walker
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 1847310141
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : Law
  • Members : 158
  • Pdf File: convergence-and-divergence-in-european-public-law.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book grew out of a symposium held in the University of Aberdeen in May 2000. It examines the extent to which the European Union has brought about and should bring about convergence of law in Europe,in particular, but not exclusively, public law in Europe. Rather than focusing narrowly on the Intergovernmental Conference process, the book engages those who wish a detached and, at times, theoretical examination of the politics of institutional reform in the EU (Michael Keating and Joanne Scott); of the legal techniques for accommodating diversity within the Union and the process of treaty making or constitution building in the EU (Deirdre Curtin, Ige Dekker, Bruno de Witte and Carole Lyons); the cross-fertilisation of administrative law concepts between the EU level and the national level (Chris Himsworth, Ton Heukels and Jamila Tib); the need for and legitimacy of a European Union competence on human rights (Gráinne de Búrca, Paul Beaumont and Niamh NicShuibhne); and whether private law and public law differ in the extent to which they go to the heart of (reflect) national culture and therefore in the extent to which they are amenable to convergence (Carol Harlow, Pierre Legrand and Neil Walker).

Fiber-Wireless Convergence in Next-Generation Communication Networks

By Massimo Tornatore,Gee-Kung Chang,Georgios Ellinas
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3319428225
  • Total of Pages : 406
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 734
  • Pdf File: fiber-wireless-convergence-in-next-generation-communication-networks.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book investigates new enabling technologies for Fi-Wi convergence. The editors discuss Fi-Wi technologies at the three major network levels involved in the path towards convergence: system level, network architecture level, and network management level. The main topics will be: a. At system level: Radio over Fiber (digitalized vs. analogic, standardization, E-band and beyond) and 5G wireless technologies; b. Network architecture level: NGPON, WDM-PON, BBU Hotelling, Cloud Radio Access Networks (C-RANs), HetNets. c. Network management level: SDN for convergence, Next-generation Point-of-Presence, Wi-Fi LTE Handover, Cooperative MultiPoint.

Discretization and MCMC Convergence Assessment

By Christian P. Robert
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1461217164
  • Total of Pages : 192
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 885
  • Pdf File: discretization-and-mcmc-convergence-assessment.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The exponential increase in the use of MCMC methods and the corre sponding applications in domains of even higher complexity have caused a growing concern about the available convergence assessment methods and the realization that some of these methods were not reliable enough for all-purpose analyses. Some researchers have mainly focussed on the con vergence to stationarity and the estimation of rates of convergence, in rela tion with the eigenvalues of the transition kernel. This monograph adopts a different perspective by developing (supposedly) practical devices to assess the mixing behaviour of the chain under study and, more particularly, it proposes methods based on finite (state space) Markov chains which are obtained either through a discretization of the original Markov chain or through a duality principle relating a continuous state space Markov chain to another finite Markov chain, as in missing data or latent variable models. The motivation for the choice of finite state spaces is that, although the resulting control is cruder, in the sense that it can often monitor con vergence for the discretized version alone, it is also much stricter than alternative methods, since the tools available for finite Markov chains are universal and the resulting transition matrix can be estimated more accu rately. Moreover, while some setups impose a fixed finite state space, other allow for possible refinements in the discretization level and for consecutive improvements in the convergence monitoring.

Economic Convergence in the Euro Area: Coming Together or Drifting Apart?

By Mr.Jeffrey R. Franks,Ms.Bergljot B Barkbu,Mr.Rodolphe Blavy,William Oman,Hanni Schoelermann
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : International Monetary Fund
  • Book Code : 1484338782
  • Total of Pages : 47
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 373
  • Pdf File: economic-convergence-in-the-euro-area.pdf

Book Short Summary:

We examine economic convergence among euro area countries on multiple dimensions. While there was nominal convergence of inflation and interest rates, real convergence of per capita income levels has not occurred among the original euro area members since the advent of the common currency. Income convergence stagnated in the early years of the common currency and has reversed in the wake of the global economic crisis. New euro area members, in contrast, have seen real income convergence. Business cycles became more synchronized, but the amplitude of those cycles diverged. Financial cycles showed a similar pattern: sychronizing more over time, but with divergent amplitudes. Income convergence requires reforms boosting productivity growth in lagging countries, while cyclical and financial convergence can be enhanced by measures to improve national and euro area fiscal policies, together with steps to deepen the single market.

Empirical Processes with Applications to Statistics

By Galen R. Shorack,Jon A. Wellner
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : SIAM
  • Book Code : 0898719011
  • Total of Pages : 956
  • Category : Distribution (Probability theory)
  • Members : 812
  • Pdf File: empirical-processes-with-applications-to-statistics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Originally published in 1986, this valuable reference provides a detailed treatment of limit theorems and inequalities for empirical processes of real-valued random variables; applications of the theory to censored data, spacings, rank statistics, quantiles, and many functionals of empirical processes, including a treatment of bootstrap methods; and a summary of inequalities that are useful for proving limit theorems. At the end of the Errata section, the authors have supplied references to solutions for 11 of the 19 Open Questions provided in the book's original edition. Audience: researchers in statistical theory, probability theory, biostatistics, econometrics, and computer science.

Computer Science and Convergence

By James (Jong Hyuk) Park,Han-Chieh Chao,Mohammad S. Obaidat,Jongsung Kim
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 9400727925
  • Total of Pages : 843
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 268
  • Pdf File: computer-science-and-convergence.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Computer Science and Convergence is proceedings of the 3rd FTRA International Conference on Computer Science and its Applications (CSA-11) and The 2011 FTRA World Convergence Conference (FTRA WCC 2011). The topics of CSA and WCC cover the current hot topics satisfying the world-wide ever-changing needs. CSA-11 will be the most comprehensive conference focused on the various aspects of advances in computer science and its applications and will provide an opportunity for academic and industry professionals to discuss the latest issues and progress in the area of CSA. In addition, the conference will publish high quality papers which are closely related to the various theories and practical applications in CSA. Furthermore, we expect that the conference and its publications will be a trigger for further related research and technology improvements in this important subject. The main scope of CSA-11 is as follows: - Mobile and ubiquitous computing - Dependable, reliable and autonomic computing - Security and trust management - Multimedia systems and services - Networking and communications - Database and data mining - Game and software engineering - Grid, cloud and scalable computing - Embedded system and software - Artificial intelligence - Distributed and parallel algorithms - Web and internet computing - IT policy and business management WCC-11 is a major conference for scientists, engineers, and practitioners throughout the world to present the latest research, results, ideas, developments and applications in all areas of convergence technologies. The main scope of WCC-11 is as follows: - Cryptography and Security for Converged environments - Wireless sensor network for Converged environments - Multimedia for Converged environments - Advanced Vehicular Communications Technology for Converged environments - Human centric computing, P2P, Grid and Cloud computing for Converged environments - U-Healthcare for Converged environments - Strategic Security Management for Industrial Technology - Advances in Artificial Intelligence and Surveillance Systems

The Global Convergence Of Vocational and Special Education

By John G. Richardson,Jinting Wu,Douglas M. Judge
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1135055491
  • Total of Pages : 218
  • Category : Education
  • Members : 234
  • Pdf File: the-global-convergence-of-vocational-and-special-education.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The global trend in educational participation has brought with it a cross-national consequence: the expansion of students with "special needs" (SEN) placed in special education and the growth of "low achieving" students diverted to vocational tracks. This book explores the global expansion of special and vocational education as a highly variable event, not only across nations of considerable economic, political and cultural difference, but between nations with evident similarities as well. The Global Convergence of Vocational and Special Education analyzes how the concept of secular benevolence underscores the divergent and convergent trajectories that vocational and special education have taken across the globe. The authors embrace national differences as the means to observe two dicta of comparative research: similar origins can result in very different outcomes, and similar outcomes can be the result of very different origins.

Policy Convergence in the UK and Germany

By Simon Green
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1136767061
  • Total of Pages : 202
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 481
  • Pdf File: policy-convergence-in-the-uk-and-germany.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Policy convergence and policy learning have emerged as central themes in the study of public policy in recent years. This book complements the rich literature on theoretical aspects as well as individual case studies by undertaking a systematic comparison of policy convergence between two specific countries, the UK and Germany. Both are member-stat

Media Convergence Handbook - Vol. 1

By Artur Lugmayr,Cinzia Dal Zotto
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3642544843
  • Total of Pages : 429
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 560
  • Pdf File: media-convergence-handbook-vol-1.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Media Convergence Handbook sheds new light on the complexity of media convergence and the related business challenges. Approaching the topic from a managerial, technological as well as end-consumer perspective, it acts as a reference book and educational resource in the field. Media convergence at business level may imply transforming business models and using multiplatform content production and distribution tools. However, it is shown that the implementation of convergence strategies can only succeed when expectations and aspirations of every actor involved are taken into account. Media consumers, content producers and managers face different challenges in the process of media convergence. Volume I of the Media Convergence Handbook encourages an active discourse on media convergence by introducing the concept through general perspective articles and addressing the real-world challenges of conversion in the publishing, broadcasting and social media sectors.

Convergence of Energy, Communication and Computation in B5G Cellular Internet of Things

By Xiaoming Chen,Qiao Qi
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Book Code : 981154140X
  • Total of Pages : 129
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 801
  • Pdf File: convergence-of-energy-communication-and-computation-in-b5g-cellular-internet-of-things.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book focuses on the convergence of energy, communication and computation in the beyond 5G (B5G) cellular Internet of Things (IoT). It addresses both theory and techniques, with more weight placed on the latter. This is achieved by providing in-depth studies on a number of major topics such as wireless power transfer, non-orthogonal multiple access, massive multiple-input multiple-output, and over-air computation. In turn, four typical convergence scenarios are studied in detail: the convergence of energy and communication, convergence of energy and computation, convergence of communication and computation, and convergence of energy, communication and computation. The comprehensive and systematic coverage of key techniques in the convergence of energy, communication and computation in the B5G cellular IoT is one of the book’s major features, making it particularly well suited for readers who are interested in learning about practical solutions in B5G wireless networks. Accordingly, the book offers a valuable resource for researchers, engineers, and graduate students in the fields of information engineering, telecommunications engineering, computer engineering, etc.

Corporate Criminal Liability

By Mark Pieth,Radha Ivory
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 940070674X
  • Total of Pages : 396
  • Category : Law
  • Members : 354
  • Pdf File: corporate-criminal-liability.pdf

Book Short Summary:

With industrialization and globalization, corporations acquired the capacity to influence social life for good or for ill. Yet, corporations are not traditional objects of criminal law. Justified by notions of personal moral guilt, criminal norms have been judged inapplicable to fictional persons, who ‘think’ and ‘act’ through human beings. The expansion of new corporate criminal liability (CCL) laws since the mid-1990s challenges this assumption. Our volume surveys current practice on CCL in 15 civil and common law jurisdictions, exploring the legal conditions for liability, the principles and options for sanctioning, and the procedures for investigating, charging and trying corporate offenders. It considers whether municipal CCL laws are converging around the notion of ‘corporate culture’, and, in any case, the implications of CCL for those charged with keeping corporations, and other legal entities, out of trouble.