July 7, 2022
A Farewell to Entropy Book

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A Farewell to Entropy

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Fractal and Trans-scale Nature of Entropy

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  • Pdf File: fractal-and-trans-scale-nature-of-entropy.pdf

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Fractal and Trans-scale Nature of Entropy: Towards a Geometrization of Thermodynamics develops a new vision for entropy in thermodynamics by proposing a new method to geometrize. It investigates how this approach can accommodate a large number of very different physical systems, going from combustion and turbulence towards cosmology. As an example, a simple interpretation of the Hawking entropy in black-hole physics is provided. In the life sciences, entropy appears as the driving element for the organization of systems. This book demonstrates this fact using simple pedagogical tools, thus showing that entropy cannot be interpreted as a basic measure of disorder. Develop a new vision of entropy in thermodynamics Study the concept of entropy Propose a simple interpretation the entropy of Hawking Demonstrate entropy as a measure of energy dispersal

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This two-volume set LNCS 10904 and 10905 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Human Interface and the Management of Information, HIMI 2018, held as part of HCI International 2018 in Las Vegas, NV, USA, in July 2018.The total of 1170 papers and 195 posters included in the 30 HCII 2018 proceedings volumes was carefully reviewed and selected from 4373 submissions. The 53 papers presented in this volume were organized in topical sections named: interacting with information; information and learning; information in aviation and transport; intelligent systems; and sevice management.

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  • Total of Pages : 724
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  • Pdf File: exergy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Exergy: Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development, Third Edition provides a systematic overview of new and developed systems, new practical examples, problems and case studies on several key topics ranging from the basics of thermodynamic concepts to advanced exergy analysis techniques in a wide range of applications. With an ancillary online package and solutions manual, this reference connects exergy with three essential areas in terms of energy, environment and sustainable development. As such, it is a thorough reference for professionals who are solving problems related to design, analysis, modeling and assessment. Connects exergy with three essential areas in terms of energy, environment and sustainable development Provides a number of illustrative examples, practical applications and case studies Written in an easy-to-follow style, starting from the basics to advanced systems

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  • Pdf File: managing-complexity-in-healthcare.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Managing Complexity in Healthcare introduces the ComEntEth (Complex Entropic Ethical) model as an integrated bio-medical and philosophical approach to understanding how people get things done in healthcare. Drawing on the complexity sciences, studies of entropy in living organisms, and the ethics of Emmanuel Levinas, healthcare is theorised as energetic relational exchanges between people as entropic and ethical entities that unfold around a central attractor: Reduction in elevated entropy or suffering in patients. Living entities are engaged in a continuous struggle against the tendency to produce entropy. From the cellular to the collective of human endeavours, the tendency of complex systems is to disorder and decay. Yet in the micro-activity of healthcare enterprise, people resist this tendency by expending energy to create order and sustain life. Making sense of how this miraculous work is made possible is the foundation of this book. Through practical examples – from analysis of practitioner burnout, rural and remote healthcare, the functioning of emergency departments, to government, social and institutional responses to the COVID-19 pandemic –this new integral philosophy provides practitioners, managers, policy designers, and scholars an effective way to understand the dynamics of daily processes and practices that link the micro of everyday interactions with the macro-trends of healthcare.

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  • Pdf File: diffusion-and-ecological-problems.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Surveying a wide variety of mathematical models of diffusion in the ecological context, this book is written with the primary intent of providing scientists, particularly physicists but also biologists, with some background of the mathematics and physics of diffusion and how they can be applied to ecological problems. Equally, this is a specialized text book for graduates interested in mathematical ecology -- assuming no more than a basic knowledge of probability and differential equations. Each chapter in this new edition has been substantially updated by appopriate leading researchers in the field and contains much new material covering recent developments.

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Book Short Summary:

Thermodynamics is the much abused slave of many masters • physicists who love the totally impractical Carnot process, • mechanical engineers who design power stations and refrigerators, • chemists who are successfully synthesizing ammonia and are puzzled by photosynthesis, • meteorologists who calculate cloud bases and predict föhn, boraccia and scirocco, • physico-chemists who vulcanize rubber and build fuel cells, • chemical engineers who rectify natural gas and distil f- mented potato juice, • metallurgists who improve steels and harden surfaces, • - trition counselors who recommend a proper intake of calories, • mechanics who adjust heat exchangers, • architects who construe – and often misconstrue – ch- neys, • biologists who marvel at the height of trees, • air conditioning engineers who design saunas and the ventilation of air plane cabins, • rocket engineers who create supersonic flows, et cetera. Not all of these professional groups need the full depth and breadth of ther- dynamics. For some it is enough to consider a well-stirred tank, for others a s- tionary nozzle flow is essential, and yet others are well-served with the partial d- ferential equation of heat conduction. It is therefore natural that thermodynamics is prone to mutilation; different group-specific meta-thermodynamics’ have emerged which serve the interest of the groups under most circumstances and leave out aspects that are not often needed in their fields.

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Knowledge Management, Organizational Intelligence and Learning, and Complexity is the component of Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Knowledge Management, Organizational Intelligence and Learning, and Complexity in the Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources provides the latest scientific insights into the evolution of complexity in both the natural and social realms. Emerging perspectives from the fields of knowledge management, computer-based simulation and the organizational sciences are presented as tools for understanding and supporting this evolving complexity and the earth's life support systems. These three volumes are aimed at the following a wide spectrum of audiences from the merely curious to those seeking in-depth knowledge: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

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  • Pdf File: entropy-and-energy-dissipation-in-water-resources.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Since the landmark contributions of C. E. Shannon in 1948, and those of E. T. Jaynes about a decade later, applications of the concept of entropy and the principle of maximum entropy have proliterated in science and engineering. Recent years have witnessed a broad range of new and exciting developments in hydrology and water resources using the entropy concept. These have encompassed innovative methods for hydrologic network design, transfer of information, flow forecasting, reliability assessment for water distribution systems, parameter estimation, derivation of probability distributions, drainage-network analysis, sediment yield modeling and pollutant loading, bridge-scour analysis, construction of velocity profiles, comparative evaluation of hydrologic models, and so on. Some of these methods hold great promise for advancement of engineering practice, permitting rational alternatives to conventional approaches. On the other hand, the concepts of energy and energy dissipation are being increasingly applied to a wide spectrum of problems in environmental and water resources. Both entropy and energy dissipation have their origin in thermodynamics, and are related concepts. Yet, many of the developments using entropy seem to be based entirely on statistical interpretation and have seemingly little physical content. For example, most of the entropy-related developments and applications in water resources have been based on the information-theoretic interpretation of entropy. We believe if the power of the entropy concept is to be fully realized, then its physical basis has to be established.

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Book Short Summary:

Introduction. Historical Overview. Databases: Office Information Systems Engineering (J. Palazzo, D. Alcoba) Artificial Intelligence, Logic, and Functional Programming: A HyperIcon Interface to a Blackboard System for Planning Research Projects (P. Charlton, C. Burdorf). Algorithms and Data Structures: Classification of Quadratic Algorithms for Multiplying Polynomials of Small Degree Over Finite Fields (A. Averbuch et al.). Object Oriented Systems: A Graphical Interactive Object Oriented Development System (M. Adar et al.). Distributed Systems: Preserving Distributed Data Coherence Us.

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  • Book Code : 1466901918
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  • Category : Philosophy
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  • Pdf File: a-measure-of-truth.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Believe it or not, everyone has a personal philosophy. To some extent, everyone explores all the things philosophy explores. A life with a positive, uplifting philosophy will bring forth a life worth living. The Measure of Truth is a philosophy about humanity. It attempts to realistically resonate with our obligatory social and individual characteristics and, simultaneously, extrapolate ideals of love and compassion from the Judeo-Christian heritage. Finally, within our limited bubble of awareness, we can know where we come from, where we are, where we are going, and what things are possible.

Statistical and Thermal Physics

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  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
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  • Pdf File: statistical-and-thermal-physics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A completely revised edition that combines a comprehensive coverage of statistical and thermal physics with enhanced computational tools, accessibility, and active learning activities to meet the needs of today's students and educators This revised and expanded edition of Statistical and Thermal Physics introduces students to the essential ideas and techniques used in many areas of contemporary physics. Ready-to-run programs help make the many abstract concepts concrete. The text requires only a background in introductory mechanics and some basic ideas of quantum theory, discussing material typically found in undergraduate texts as well as topics such as fluids, critical phenomena, and computational techniques, which serve as a natural bridge to graduate study. Completely revised to be more accessible to students Encourages active reading with guided problems tied to the text Updated open source programs available in Java, Python, and JavaScript Integrates Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations and other numerical techniques Self-contained introductions to thermodynamics and probability, including Bayes' theorem A fuller discussion of magnetism and the Ising model than other undergraduate texts Treats ideal classical and quantum gases within a uniform framework Features a new chapter on transport coefficients and linear response theory Draws on findings from contemporary research Solutions manual (available only to instructors)

Networks of Echoes

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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 3319048791
  • Total of Pages : 225
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 546
  • Pdf File: networks-of-echoes.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Networks of Echoes: Imitation, Innovation and Invisible Leaders is a mathematically rigorous and data rich book on a fascinating area of the science and engineering of social webs. There are hundreds of complex network phenomena whose statistical properties are described by inverse power laws. The phenomena of interest are not arcane events that we encounter only fleetingly, but are events that dominate our lives. We examine how this intermittent statistical behavior intertwines itself with what appears to be the organized activity of social groups. The book is structured as answers to a sequence of questions such as: How are decisions reached in elections and boardrooms? How is the stability of a society undermined by zealots and committed minorities and how is that stability re-established? Can we learn to answer such questions about human behavior by studying the way flocks of birds retain their formation when eluding a predator? These questions and others are answered using a generic model of a complex dynamic network—one whose global behavior is determined by a symmetric interaction among individuals based on social imitation. The complexity of the network is manifest in time series resulting from self-organized critical dynamics that have divergent first and second moments, are non-stationary, non-ergodic and non-Poisson. How phase transitions in the network dynamics influence such activity as decision making is a fascinating story and provides a context for introducing many of the mathematical ideas necessary for understanding complex networks in general. The decision making model (DMM) is selected to emphasize that there are features of complex webs that supersede specific mechanisms and need to be understood from a general perspective. This insightful overview of recent tools and their uses may serve as an introduction and curriculum guide in related courses.

Intrinsic Sustainable Development

By Frank Birkin,Thomas Polesie
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Book Code : 9814405167
  • Total of Pages : 368
  • Category : Nature
  • Members : 788
  • Pdf File: intrinsic-sustainable-development.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Sustainable development sets the agenda for the 21st century. Human technological capability and needs mean that nature is and will be challenged and damaged in many ways. Whilst many social and technological innovations are being made to improve our survival prospects, they are likely to be insufficient to avoid continued social and ecological stress and the prospect of global tension if significant changes do not come about. The ideas in this book offer a new solution to sustainable development problems. They are concerned not with what we know but how we know, or rather how we order knowledge and create understanding in the human world. This book shows that some of the fundamental practices that shape modern society, especially in the business world, are the unwitting cause of unsustainable development. By extrapolating the epistemic analysis of Michel Foucault, a major social scientist, this book identifies a new episteme. It outlines a new way of ordering knowledge that better serves sustainable development. This pioneering book synthesizes the sciences of human and natural worlds and applies the findings to the creation of sustainable business models and equitable lifestyles for all. Contents:Approach:Just BusinessNatural MomentumAccounting ConstructionsOpen SocietiesModern Times:Passive NatureModern KnowledgeSquare-Peg BusinessPrimal Knowledge:Breaking FreeThe Primal EpistemePrimal WisdomPrimal BusinessConsequences:Resistance & Assistance Readership: Graduate students in sustainable business, CSR and environmental sciences; social and natural scientists; business professionals and accountants. Keywords:Sustainable Business;Epistemes;Sustainability;Business and Society;Science and Society;FoucaultKey Features:Refreshing concept and approach to sustainable developmentIntegrates sustainable technology and lifestylesNew episteme for sustainable developmentReviews: “This story of a journey of discovery has to be one of the most original books of recent times. Presented as an account of one person's interrogation of the assumptions that lead to unsustainable behaviour, this erudite, readable, and never less than fascinating book marks a turning point in business thinking. Dive in, look around, and enjoy!” Professor Andrew Dobson Keele University, UK “This fascinating book takes us on a journey of thinking which can help us from doing accounting as ‘just business’, to doing it as part of a newly ‘Just Business’ where sustainable development will be simply accepted as something intrinsic. The book takes strength from Michel Foucault's idea of different human eras having systematically different ways of thinking and so forming different knowledge ‘epistemes’. The journey the authors then take is towards thinking an epistemic change, so far barely glimpsed, which would render such new ways of doing accounting and business ‘simply there’. Such journeys in thinking matter since, as Foucault observed elsewhere, thought should be understood as the very form of action: and given that, as he saw, power is only ever exercised as action on the actions of others, serious thinking action such as this can prove strategically central to the exercising of power's action in ways as yet unanticipated. Thus was it ever that a power, currently ‘inexorable’, proves suddenly and irrevocably fragile and forgettable.” Keith Hoskin Warwick Business School, University of Warwick, UK “This is a book that takes on board one of the most important issue of today's world; how we can do and think business differently in order to avoid the devastating ecological and human consequences that seem to follow in its wake. It is an ambitious task that the authors set out to undertake but I am obliged to say they have succeeded in their exploration. They argue that the possible solution lays much closer than we realise: within us and how we know. The argument is laid out with an unconventional style of storytelling where personal details about the authors' own situated knowledge journeys, and their interactions with a Chinese PhD student of one of them, are interwoven with philosophically based analysis of the order of things today. This interweaving makes the book both engaging and interesting as it invites the reader to ‘know differently’. It is more than just interesting; it is very inspiring to see how Michel Foucault's ideas and theorizing from The Order of Things (1977) have been brought to bear to help construct a history not just of the present but of a possible future. Being positive about the book does not mean that I am fully in agreement with the authors or their interpretations at all points, nor that I am not concerned about what they have excluded. But the book does what it sets out to do, and very successfully too. To me the important thing is that we should be taking on board this difficult topic and making space for discussions that can lead to the possibility, for each one of us who reads or talks about this book, of knowing and enacting sustainability differently. Today we have a major task before us, in seeking to include sustainability across all levels of business education. I think this book makes a major contribution to the much-needed task of trying to change what we teach and learn as we struggle with how to think and do business.” Ann-Christine Frandsen Senior Lecturer in Accounting Essex Business School, Essex University, UK “In recent decades, the responsibilities of producers, sorting, incineration and hazardous waste management have been regulated. This has created a general consensus in favour of recycling … The Stena Metall Group had a favourable position and to move into sustainable business in the 1980s using innovative solutions, the Group now converts waste from its customers into commodities of value. It is natural for us to support the ideas about intrinsic sustainability that are explored in this book.” John Lindkvist Vice CEO, Stena Mettal, Gothenburg “… this is one of the most unusual, surprising and, indeed, stimulating books that it has been my pleasure to read in recent years … if you have any pretentions to becoming any kind of decent scholar in social and environmental accounting, I suggest to get hold of a copy of this and spend at least a little time in the company of an honest, brave and intellectually ambitious piece of work.” (see full review)Journal of the Centre for Social and Environmental Accounting (CSEAR)

Thermal Physics

By Joon Chang Lee
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  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Book Code : 9813105933
  • Total of Pages : 212
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 837
  • Pdf File: thermal-physics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book is an informal, readable introduction to the basic ideas of thermal physics. It is aimed at making the reader feel comfortable with the extremum principles of entropy and free energies. There is a repeating theme: Molecules (spins) do X to maximize their entropy, and molecules (spins) do XX to minimize their free energy. This finally leads to the idea of the Landau-Ginzburg free energy functional. The author illustrates how powerful the idea is by using two examples from phase transitions.

Being and becoming

By Jose Luis Perez Velazquez,Vera Nenadovic
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Book Code : 3030782646
  • Total of Pages : 221
  • Category : Psychology
  • Members : 615
  • Pdf File: being-and-becoming.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Many people spend considerable time seeking a sense of purpose in life and, concomitant with that, a sense of personal identity. This book demystifies this search, revealing why this search is a fallacy. The purpose is to inform readers about results in neuroscience and biophysics that may guide us to some liberation needed in the current age of great complexity in life with a diverse burden of chores; a deliverance from some afflictions that prevent individuals from achieving the true purpose of our lives. Among these afflictions we find two primordial concerns: the belief and subsequent attachment to a self, and the conviction that life must have a deep purpose in which we are major players. While this is a scientific text, it can easily be read by a lay audience, written with minimal technical jargon and with references to scientific papers enough to satisfy the curious. We have tried to extract the essence of scientific observations such that we can glimpse at those aforementioned concerns about the self and life, observations which help us comprehend what we are and what we become, the being and becoming of our own selves and natural phenomena around us. Jose Luis Perez Velazquez received a PhD in Molecular Physiology & Biophysics. His research seeks principles of biological organisation. He worked at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto and was Professor at the University of Toronto. Currently he is a Research Scholar at the Ronin Institute and lives in the natural paradise of Asturias, in Northern Spain. Vera Nenadovic is a nurse practitioner, neuroscientist and entrepreneur. She has 30 years of experience in healthcare from First Nations communities to intensive care units. Her research focuses on predicting brain injury outcomes. She is a clinician and researcher at Holland Bloorview Kids Rehab Hospital. Her startup company BrainsView is commercializing software that analyzes brainwaves to monitor brain function and recovery after head injury. She is married and lives in Toronto, with her husband and Rottweiler.

Materials Kinetics

By John C. Mauro
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 0128242167
  • Total of Pages : 542
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 946
  • Pdf File: materials-kinetics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Materials Kinetics: Transport and Rate Phenomena provides readers with a clear understanding of how physical-chemical principles are applied to fundamental kinetic processes. The book integrates advanced concepts with foundational knowledge and cutting-edge computational approaches, demonstrating how diffusion, morphological evolution, viscosity, relaxation and other kinetic phenomena can be applied to practical materials design problems across all classes of materials. The book starts with an overview of thermodynamics, discussing equilibrium, entropy, and irreversible processes. Subsequent chapters focus on analytical and numerical solutions of the diffusion equation, covering Fick’s laws, multicomponent diffusion, numerical solutions, atomic models, and diffusion in crystals, polymers, glasses, and polycrystalline materials. Dislocation and interfacial motion, kinetics of phase separation, viscosity, and advanced nucleation theories are examined next, followed by detailed analyses of glass transition and relaxation behavior. The book concludes with a series of chapters covering molecular dynamics, energy landscapes, broken ergodicity, chemical reaction kinetics, thermal and electrical conductivities, Monte Carlo simulation techniques, and master equations. Covers the full breadth of materials kinetics, including organic and inorganic materials, solids and liquids, theory and experiments, macroscopic and microscopic interpretations, and analytical and computational approaches Demonstrates how diffusion, viscosity microstructural evolution, relaxation, and other kinetic phenomena can be leveraged in the practical design of new materials Provides a seamless connection between thermodynamics and kinetics Includes practical exercises that reinforce key concepts at the end of each chapter

God, Man, and the Universe

By Dr. Feridoun Shawn Shahmoradian
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : AuthorHouse
  • Book Code : 1728357713
  • Total of Pages : 770
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 622
  • Pdf File: god-man-and-the-universe.pdf

Book Short Summary:

“The angel is free because of his knowledge, the beast because of ignorance. Between the two remains the son of man to struggle.” —Rumi A no-nonsense approach in fathoming God, man, and the universe, a genesis relates to the existence, just a drop in an ocean in true wisdom for grasping the awesome power of the Creator. It is a jaw-dropping experience that ought to attract one to permeate the gist of the philosophical why and the scientific realization of how and what is sought beyond ordinary. Probing into consciousness, to prominent existence, mind, soul, and matter, faith, virtue, morality, spirituality, inspiring self-belief and igniting human excellence; rebuffing ideologically dogmatic notions where lack of inference is challenged and no wit-oriented remarks are questioned. To incite the sagacity of thoughts in search of truth, cultivating a deity where mendacity and hubris fail. A colossal shift from the traditionally ambiguous views as superfluous (nonessential) references is often the norm as minds of reason insightfully question all bogus claims; live the essence, awaken the God within you, let the demons lay eternally at rest, and question yourself. Should it not be the human’s will to conquer the ill notions? If not so, call man a beast that should solely live by instinct. “My humanity is a constant self-overcoming.” Frederick Nietzsche

Thermodynamics: History And Philosophy - Facts, Trends, Debates

By Ropolyi L,Martinas K,Szegedi Peter
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Book Code : 9814569518
  • Total of Pages : 544
  • Category :
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  • Pdf File: thermodynamics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book deals with different modern topics in probability, statistics and operations research. It has been written lucidly in a novel way. Wherever necessary, the theory is explained in great detail, with suitable illustrations. Numerous references are given, so that young researchers who want to start their work in a particular area will benefit immensely from the book.The contributors are distinguished statisticians and operations research experts from all over the world.

Modern Physical Metallurgy

By R. E. Smallman
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  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 1483105970
  • Total of Pages : 544
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
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  • Pdf File: modern-physical-metallurgy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Modern Physical Metallurgy, Fourth Edition discusses the fundamentals and applications of physical metallurgy. The book is comprised of 15 chapters that cover the experimental background of a metallurgical phenomenon. The text first talks about the structure of atoms and crystals, and then proceeds to dealing with the physical examination of metals and alloys. The third chapter tackles the phase diagrams and solidifications, while the fourth chapter covers the thermodynamics of crystals. Next, the book discusses the structure of alloys. The next four chapters deal with the deformations and defects of crystals, metals, and alloys. Chapter 10 discusses work hardening and annealing, while Chapters 11 and 12 cover phase transformations. The succeeding two chapters talk about creep, fatigue, and fracture, while the last chapter covers oxidation and corrosion. The text will be of great use to undergraduate students of materials engineering and other degrees that deal with metallurgical properties.

Statistical Complexity

By K.D. Sen
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 9789048138906
  • Total of Pages : 297
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 918
  • Pdf File: statistical-complexity.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The understanding of electron density as the carrier of all the information of a multielectronic system is implicit in the theorems of density functional theory. Information theoretical based measures giving a quantitative understanding of statistical complexity of such systems is shaping up as a new area of research in chemical physics. This book is the first monograph of its kind covering the aspects of complexity measure in atoms and molecules.

Semiconductors and Semimetals

By
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Book Code : 9780080864129
  • Total of Pages : 432
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 309
  • Pdf File: semiconductors-and-semimetals.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Semiconductors and Semimetals

What Is a Complex System?

By James Ladyman,Karoline Wiesner
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Book Code : 0300256132
  • Total of Pages : 160
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 574
  • Pdf File: what-is-a-complex-system.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A clear, concise introduction to the quickly growing field of complexity science that explains its conceptual and mathematical foundations What is a complex system? Although “complexity science” is used to understand phenomena as diverse as the behavior of honeybees, the economic markets, the human brain, and the climate, there is no agreement about its foundations. In this introduction for students, academics, and general readers, philosopher of science James Ladyman and physicist Karoline Wiesner develop an account of complexity that brings the different concepts and mathematical measures applied to complex systems into a single framework. They introduce the different features of complex systems, discuss different conceptions of complexity, and develop their own account. They explain why complexity science is so important in today’s world.

Semiconductor Physics

By Sandip Tiwari
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0191078034
  • Total of Pages : 832
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 969
  • Pdf File: semiconductor-physics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The subject of semiconductor physics today includes not only many of the aspects that constitute solid state physics, but also much more. It includes what happens at the nanoscale and at surfaces and interfaces, behavior with few interaction events and few carriers —- electrons and their quasi-particle holes —- in the valence bands, the exchange of energies in various forms, the coupling of energetic events over short and long length scales, quantum reversibility tied to macroscale linearity and eventually to nonlinearities, the thermodynamic and statistical consequences of fluctuation-dissipation, and others. This text brings together traditional solid-state approaches from the 20th century with developments of the early part of the 21st century, to reach an understanding of semiconductor physics in its multifaceted forms. It reveals how an understanding of what happens within the material can lead to insights into what happens in its use. The collection of four textbooks in the Electroscience series culminates in a comprehensive understanding of nanoscale devices — electronic, magnetic, mechanical and optical — in the 4th volume. The series builds up to this last subject with volumes devoted to underlying semiconductor and solid-state physics.

Thermodynamics

By Ä°smail Tosun
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Book Code : 9814696951
  • Total of Pages : 376
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 608
  • Pdf File: thermodynamics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This eminently readable introductory text provides a sound foundation to understand the abstract concepts used to express the laws of thermodynamics. The emphasis is on the fundamentals rather than spoon-feeding the subject matter. The concepts are explained with utmost clarity in simple and elegant language. It provides the background material needed for students to solve practical problems related to thermodynamics. Answers to all problems are provided.

Current Problems and Ways of Industry Development: Equipment and Technologies

By Olga G. Shakirova,Oleg V. Bashkov,Akhmet A. Khusainov
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Book Code : 3030694216
  • Total of Pages : 1068
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 792
  • Pdf File: current-problems-and-ways-of-industry-development.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book is a reflection of the modern scientific view of current and future problems and prospects of industry development: equipment and technologies. It combines the results of advanced researches of industry development: equipment and technologies in the field of various sciences – both technical and humanitarian, the synthesis of which allowed forming a holistic meta-scientific concept of industry development: equipment and technologies. The book consists of two parts. The first part reflects technical problems and ways of industry development: equipment and technologies. It examines the promising technologies for modern industrial development, the technogenic factors of neo-industrialization in the context of digital economy, strategic guidelines for the industry development: equipment and technologies from the standpoint of sustainable development, as well as integration mechanisms for the industry development: equipment and technologies, and scientific support for their activation. In the second part, organizational and managerial problems and ways of industry development: equipment and technologies are disclosed. The industry development: equipment and technologies were studied: a view from the standpoint of economics and management, legal barriers to the industry development: equipment: and technologies and the prospects for overcoming them, the impact of globalization on the industry development: equipment: and technologies and recommendations for managing internationalization, as well as social issues of industry development: equipment and technologies in the aspect of human resource’s training and management. The book combines the best works presented at the International Research and Practice Conference" Actual Problems and Ways of Industry Development: Equipment and Technologies", organized by the Komsomolsk-on-Amur State University and the Institute of Scientific Communications and held in Komsomolsk-on-Amur (Russia) September 28–October 1, 2020. The target audience of the book is academic scientists studying issues of industry development: equipment and technologies, as well as industrial enterprises and government regulators of industry development: equipment and technologies.

Applied Chaos Theory

By Ali Bulent Cambel
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 0080571360
  • Total of Pages : 246
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 599
  • Pdf File: applied-chaos-theory.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book differs from others on Chaos Theory in that it focuses on its applications for understanding complex phenomena. The emphasis is on the interpretation of the equations rather than on the details of the mathematical derivations. The presentation is interdisciplinary in its approach to real-life problems: it integrates nonlinear dynamics, nonequilibrium thermodynamics, information theory, and fractal geometry. An effort has been made to present the material ina reader-friendly manner, and examples are chosen from real life situations. Recent findings on the diagnostics and control of chaos are presented, and suggestions are made for setting up a simple laboratory. Included is a list of topics for further discussion that may serve not only for personal practice or homework, but also as themes for theses, dissertations, and research proposals. Includes laboratory experiments Includes applications and case studies related to cell differentiation, EKGs, and immunology Presents interdisciplinary applications of chaos theory to complex systems Emphasizes the meaning of mathematical equations rather than their derivations Features reader friendly presentation with many illustrations and interpretations Deals with real life, dissipative systemsIntegrates mathematical theory throughout the text

Measures for Community and Neighborhood Research

By Mary L. Ohmer,Claudia Coulton,Darcy A. Freedman,Joanne L. Sobeck,Jaime Booth
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • Book Code : 1483358372
  • Total of Pages : 488
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 606
  • Pdf File: measures-for-community-and-neighborhood-research.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Measures for Community and Neighborhood Research is the first book of its kind to compile measures focused on communities and neighborhoods in one accessible resource. Organized into two main sections, the first provides the rationale, structure and purpose, and analysis of methodological issues, along with a conceptual and theoretical framework; the second section contains 10 chapters that synthesize, analyze, and describe measures for community and neighborhood research, with tables that summarize highlighted measures. The book will get readers thinking about which aspects of the neighborhood may be most important to measure in different research designs and also help researchers, practitioners, funders, and others more closely examine the impact of their work in communities and neighborhoods.

Information and the Internal Structure of the Universe

By Tom Stonier
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1447132653
  • Total of Pages : 155
  • Category : Computers
  • Members : 671
  • Pdf File: information-and-the-internal-structure-of-the-universe.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Not so if the book has been translated into Arabic. Now the reader can discern no meaning in the letters. The text conveys almost no information to the reader, yet the linguistic informa tion contained by the book is virtually the same as in the English original. The reader, familiar with books will still recognise two things, however: First, that the book is a book. Second, that the squiggles on the page represent a pattern of abstractions which probably makes sense to someone who understands the mean ing of those squiggles. Therefore, the book as such, will still have some meaning for the English reader, even if the content of the text has none. Let us go to a more extreme case. Not a book, but a stone, or a rock with engravings in an ancient language no longer under stood by anyone alive. Does such a stone not contain human information even if it is not decipherable? Suppose at some point in the future, basic knowledge about linguistics and clever computer aids allow us to decipher it? Or suppose someone discovers the equivalent of a Rosetta stone which allows us to translate it into a known language, and then into English? Can one really say that the stone contained no information prior to translation? It is possible to argue that the stone, prior to deciphering contained only latent information.

Nonlinear Power Flow Control Design

By Rush D. Robinett III,David G. Wilson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 0857298232
  • Total of Pages : 317
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 527
  • Pdf File: nonlinear-power-flow-control-design.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book presents an innovative control system design process motivated by renewable energy electric grid integration problems. The concepts developed result from the convergence of research and development goals which have important concepts in common: exergy flow, limit cycles, and balance between competing power flows. A unique set of criteria is proposed to design controllers for a class of nonlinear systems. A combination of thermodynamics with Hamiltonian systems provides the theoretical foundation which is then realized in a series of connected case studies. It allows the process of control design to be viewed as a power flow control problem, balancing the power flowing into a system against that being dissipated within it and dependent on the power being stored in it – an interplay between kinetic and potential energies. Human factors and the sustainability of self-organizing systems are dealt with as advanced topics.

Exploratory Data Analysis Using Fisher Information

By Roy Frieden,Robert A. Gatenby
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1846287774
  • Total of Pages : 363
  • Category : Computers
  • Members : 600
  • Pdf File: exploratory-data-analysis-using-fisher-information.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book uses a mathematical approach to deriving the laws of science and technology, based upon the concept of Fisher information. The approach that follows from these ideas is called the principle of Extreme Physical Information (EPI). The authors show how to use EPI to determine the theoretical input/output laws of unknown systems. Will benefit readers whose math skill is at the level of an undergraduate science or engineering degree.